Heart Surgery options in India

Heart surgery is also known as cardiothoracic surgery. As the name implies, this form of treatment is basically for diseases affecting the heart, and other organs within the thorax. There are many heart surgery options in India and these are easily obtainable from the many excellent healthcare facilities in India. We have a wide spectrum of heart surgery treatments and these include:

Cardio surgical
Cardio surgical involves surgeries that range from the complex heart transplants, to surgery for aneurysms, and neo-natal open heart surgery. These surgeries all have outstanding results.

Over 2 million cardio surgicals have been performed in India, making us outstanding and second-to-none.

CABG is an acronym for Coronary Artery Bypass surgery. It involves cutting through the sternum of the breast bone. A safer version would be the minimally invasive cardiac surgery. It has caused a total change in the way that CABG is done.

The Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery effectively treats coronary heart diseases. A 4cm incision is made on the left chest and the heart is approached from that angle. The cut is made just below the nipple. The chest is then accessed between the ribs while care is taken not to cut the bones.

A CABG is similar to a heart surgery. Blood around arteries that are clogged are redirected to boost the flow of oxygen and blood to the heart. Patients who are critically ill, and who suffer from diseased vessels or extreme left ventricular dysfunction benefit immensely from this.

Total arterial revascularization of the heart off pump is done with variations in configuration of arterial conduits like the right and left internal mammary arteries, the radial arteries, and even the gastric epiploic arteries.

Beating heart surgery
Beating heart surgeries or off-pump surgeries are a type of coronary bypass surgeries done with contemporary techniques such as the off-pump artery bypass surgery. The heart-lung machine is not used during the beating heart surgery.

During the beating heart surgery, the surgeon makes use of complex operating equipment to hold parts of the heart while bypassing the obstructed artery in an operative environment that is highly controlled. Other parts of the heart will continue to circulate and pump blood round the body.

With the beating heart surgery done in India, patients are assured of speedy recovery. And not much toll is extracted on the systems of the patient.

Minimally invasive coronary artery surgery
The conventional coronary artery bypass surgery is done by splitting the sternum through which the breastbone is assessed. The minimally invasive coronary artery surgery is an entirely new technique that caused a significant revolution in the way that coronary surgery is done.

MICAS or MICS CABG is an acronym for Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Surgery. Coronary artery disease is treated through this new method of bypassing the coronary artery. The highpoint of the MICAS is that the heart is reached through a 4cm incision made on the left side of the chest.

Thoracic surgery
In thoracic surgery, operations are done on the chest region. The esophagus, lungs, and the chest are involved.  Thoracic surgery includes heart transplant, coronary artery bypass surgery, lung transplant, and removal of cancer-affected parts of the lungs. Thoracic surgeons in India are well-versed in the treatment of esophageal and lung cancer, while cardiac surgeons focus on treating the heart.

Lung diseases or lung repair is made possible through thoracic surgery. Thoracic allows the repair of lungs that have been affected by trauma, pulmonary disease and cancer. Looking at lung cancer for instance, with thoracic surgery in India, your surgeon will be able to get rid of tumors, nodules, and also treat the disease.

Thoracic surgery is done with techniques that are minimally invasive. It may also be done through a thoracotomy, an invasive surgical procedure. A thoracotomy is done when there is the need to visualize large parts of the chest cavity and the lungs. A thoracotomy may also be done to remove a part of the lung, or the entire lung.

Heart transplant
A heart transplant involves the replacement of a diseased heart with one that is healthier. Heart transplant is the last resort for patients who have exhausted all other options, without any significant improvement in their condition.

In India, cardiologists work together to treat patients that are in need of a heart transplant. Heart transplant surgeons in India adopt the latest technology to carry out this procedure. We are experts in and innovators in immunosuppressive medicine, heart transplant, and ventricular assist devices. This will enhance better living for the patient until the arrival of a donor heart.

At Indian health facilities, the doctors will get to know you better and work patiently with you to give you the best care. Individual requirements, lifestyle and desires will be assessed, and this will help to draw up a treatment plan that is most suitable for you.

There is a good chance of survival with appropriate follow-up.

Heart surgery facilities in India offer recommendations, treatment, evaluation processes, care after surgery, and follow-up for all heart transplant patients.

A heart transplant is done after every other treatment option has been exhausted. Factors that trigger heart conditions in adults include:

  • Cardiomyopathy (where the heart muscle becomes weak)
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Congenital heart defect (this is a heart defect that occurs from birth)
  • Heart valve disease
  • Amyloidosis
  • Abnormal rhythms of the heart
  • Heart failure in children may be caused by a cardiomyopathy or a congenital heart defect.

Heart valve surgery
Heart valve surgery is a treatment procedure for heart valve disease. Heart valve disease occurs when at least one of the four heart valves fails to function properly.

These four valves include the tricuspid, mitral, aortic and pulmonary valves. These valves have a cusp(s) for the pulmonary and aortic valves while the tricuspid and mitral valve has leaflets. These leaflets open and close once per heartbeat. In a heart valve disease, the valves fail to open and close properly, thus disrupting the flow of blood to the body.

Heart valve surgery involves replacement or repair of affected heart valves. A number of procedures may be used including minimally invasive or open heart surgery.

Treatment is dependent on a number of factors including health, age, and the severity of the condition.

Eventually, you will need to undergo a surgery to either repair or replace the diseased valve.

Specialists in India will discuss with you and help to decide between a repair and a total replacement.  

Emergency cardiac surgery
Emergency cardiac surgery is employed in the treatment of cardiac complications triggered by aortic dilatation (aortic aneurysm), arrhythmias, Marfan syndrome – a gene disorder that causes abnormalities of the cardiovascular system.

Keyhole angioplasty
Keyhole angioplasty is a good substitute to the traditional bypass surgery. It has a lesser duration, usually taking less than an hour to perform. The selling point of keyhole angioplasty is that it is non-surgical, which means that the patient spends less time in the hospital, and recovery is faster.

What makes this procure tick is that it is done with advanced techniques, modernized drug eluting stents and intravascular ultrasound that allows the physician to view the interior of the arteries from a virtual perspective.

Fractional flow reserve
Fractional flow reserve allows the physician to determine whether you need a major procedure such as bypass surgery or a stent, or whether you will just be okay with medications. This procedure is evidence-based as it saves lives, and also prevents unnecessary surgical procedures.

Heart diseases are characterized by blockages in the heart. These blockages cause symptoms such as dyspnea and discomfort in the chest. A coronary angiogram helps to identify these blockages, thus assisting the surgeon to determine whether a bypass or stent is required. However, there are some limitations to angiography.

Fractional flow reserve allows the surgeon to determine the extent of tightness of an arterial blockage. A well-calibrated sensor is used to measure the upstream and downstream blood pressure after administration of medications like adenosine.

This procedure is done as a part of heart surgery options in India.

Optical coherence tomography
In optical coherence tomography, a light-based catheter is used to picture the interior of a blood vessel. It is a new technology based on intravascular imaging technology that offer a micron-scale resolution.

It is similar to ultrasound imaging, however, it measures the intensity of backscattered infrared light instead of sound waves. These measurements are then translated into a 2-dimensional image of high resolution.

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